3.8.12

El capitalisme i la corrosió del caràcter

La corrosión del carácter by Richard Sennett
My rating: 5 of 5 stars

Un llibre extraordinari per la reflexió sobre l´impacte del capitalisme flexible sobre el caràcter. El caràcter (=el valor ètic q atribuïm a les nostres relacions, Horaci) va més enllà de la personalitat (=desitjos i sentiments interns).

El major tabú del capitalisme actual és la por a fracassar. Fracassar vol dir NO PODER ESTRUCTURAR UNA VIDA PERSONAL COHERENT, NO PODER REALITZAR ALLÒ PRECIÓS QUE DUIM DINS, NO SABER VIURE, SINÓ JUST EXISTIR. A la societat actual, les persones afronten el fracàs seguint aquest procés:

1. El motiu del meu fracàs és que els altres han comès una injustícia. Van en contra meva. La culpa és dels altres.
2. El motiu del meu fracàs és que s´obrin les portes als immigrants, als diferents. La culpa és de la forma com la democràcia premia als fracassats.
3. El motiu del meu fracàs és que jo no vaig entendre el que passava i no vaig saber donar la resposta adequada.

Arribar a la 3ª resposta, la més elaborada, només és possible si hi ha vincles entre les persones (=un sentit de comunitat no superficial). Però el capitalisme provoca la corrossió del caràcter, o sigui una vida fragmentada on és difícil tenir temps per conversacions profundes i relacions estables, una vida que duu a evadir-se (drogues, consumir, anar de festa, viure el present) per no afrontar la por a fracassar.

El neoliberalisme que va començar als EUA i ara s´extén a Alemanya (economies renanes) es sosté sobre la por al dèbil, al fracassat, al que no pot. Sobre la indiferència i la desconfiança davant el diferent. Defensa un jo fort i independent, que no necessita els altres. Proposa la destrucció de l´Estat del Benestar perquè veu el dèbil com un paràsit social.  Que els més forts guanyin. Desprecia els treballadors q no tenen iniciativa, que necessiten que els hi diguin què han de fer. No tenen en compte les paraules de John Bowlby: una persona sanament independent és capaç de demanar ajuda i depenir dels altres quan fa falta i de saber en qui confiar.
Sennett cita a Lévinas:
la fidelitat a un mateix suposa ser responsable amb altres.  

Aquesta visió impedeix construir el caràcter, perquè dificulta reconèixer les pròpies debilitats. Quan un sent vergonya de necessitar els altres, de ser dependent, torna desconfiat. Es destrueixen els vincles socials. Bauman: por al compromís.

Així idò, com construir el caràcter, com afrontar la por a fracassar, la precarietat laboral, la falta de futur? No a través del comunitarisme (que proposa que s´uneixin els que tenen les mateixes conviccions) sinó a través de vertaderes comunitats on no es fugi del conflicte i les visions diferents (Amy Gutmann, Dennis Thompson= el desacord uneix més a la gent q la declaració de ppis correctes), on es pugui parlar del fracàs sense culpa ni vergonya, on uns puguin depenir dels altres, on hi hagi vincles de confiança. Negociar les diferències més que cooperar superficialment a través del teball en equip. No reprimir les discrepàncies.
  Una societat on no hi ha una narrativa compartida de les dificultats i el fracàs és una societat sense somnis. En una societat així, les preguntes que construeixen el caràcter (Qui em necessita? A qui necessit?) no tenen resposta.  El capitalisme ha perdut el control dels somnis i sentiments dels de baix. Avui són molts més els ferits qu els que criden. Si hi ha un canvi, el canvi vindrà de petites comunitats on les persones parlaran per necessitat interior més que a través d´alçaments de masses.

PAUL RICOEUR= Justament perquè algú depèn de mi, som responsable de la meva acció davant l´altre.
GADAMER= El jo que som no es posseeix a sí mateix. El jo succeeix.

Va escriure el llibre fa 14 anys.

View all my reviews

34 comentaris:

Guida Alles ha dit...

Article de Paul Krugman (via @jcastilloch).
Els rics estan convençuts q pel fet de ser-ho mereixen un tracte deferent. La seva riquesa els fa dèbils on noltros om forts perquè la seva felicitat depèn d´ella. Desprecien la dependència del pobre i del dèbil però és pitjor la seva davant els doblers i el poder. Però lo pitjor és que la seva debilitat regeix les decisions polítiques americanes. No només critiquen a Obama que no els veneri, sinó que l´acusen de ser la causa de la crisi.
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/07/20/opinion/krugman-pathos-of-the-plutocrat.html?_r=1&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss

Anònim ha dit...

Exceptional post however I was

wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this subject?
I'd be very grateful if you

could elaborate a little bit further. Appreciate it!
Feel free to visit my site :: http://Phpfox.webtim.biz

Anònim ha dit...

I like what you guys are up too. Such intelligent work and reporting!
Keep up the

excellent works guys I have incorporated you guys to my blogroll.
I think it will improve the value

of my web site :)
Here is my web-site : surges

Anònim ha dit...

Great - I should definitely pronounce, impressed with your web
site. I had no trouble

navigating through all the tabs as well as related information ended up
being truly easy to do

to access. I recently found what I hoped for before you know it at all.

Reasonably unusual. Is

likely to appreciate it for those who add forums or anything, website theme
. a tones way for

your customer to communicate. Nice task..
my web site - Free Property Classified Adverts

Anònim ha dit...

Hi there, just became alert to your blog through Google, and
found that it is truly informative. I am gonna watch out for brussels.

I will be grateful if you continue this in future.
A lot of people will be benefited from your writing.
Cheers!
Feel free to visit my website michael kors bags sale

Anònim ha dit...

Very nice article, totally what I was looking for.

my site louis vuitton monogram multicolor
Also see my site - louis vuitton outlet

Anònim ha dit...

Wonderful work! That is the kind of information that are meant to be shared across the internet.
Shame on the seek engines for not positioning this publish upper!
Come on over and consult with my website . Thank
you =)

my page hermes bags
My webpage: hermes bags

Anònim ha dit...

Wonderful beat ! I would like to apprentice whilst you amend your web site,
how could i subscribe for a blog site? The account helped me
a applicable deal. I were tiny bit acquainted of this your broadcast offered vibrant
transparent concept

Here is my webpage :: ロレックスレプリカ ロレックスレプリカ

Anònim ha dit...

Hi, I do believe this is a great website. I stumbledupon it
;) I am going to come back once again since I book marked it.
Money and freedom is the greatest way to change, may you be rich and continue to help others.


My webpage; ロレックスコピー

Anònim ha dit...

I believe everything wrote was actually very reasonable.

But, what about this? suppose you wrote a catchier post
title? I am not saying your content isn't good., but suppose you added a title that makes people desire more? I mean "El capitalisme i la corrosi� del car�cter" is a little boring. You could glance at Yahoo's front page
and see how they create post titles to get viewers interested.
You might add a video or a pic or two to get people interested about everything've written. In my opinion, it could bring your blog a little livelier.

Feel free to surf to my web site :: 激安プラダ バッグ

Anònim ha dit...

Hello, I believe your blog might be having browser compatibility
issues. Whenever I take a look at your website in Safari, it looks fine but when opening in I.
E., it's got some overlapping issues. I merely wanted to give you a quick heads up! Other than that, fantastic blog!

my homepage - プラダ バッグアウトレット

Anònim ha dit...

What's up, I log on to your blog like every week. Your story-telling style is witty, keep up the good work!

Look into my web blog; ロレックスレプリカ

Anònim ha dit...

Hello to all, as I am genuinely eager of reading this website's post to be updated daily. It contains fastidious data.

my blog post ロレックスレプリカ

Anònim ha dit...

Hey there! This post could not be written any better!
Reading this post reminds me of my old room mate! He always
kept chatting about this. I will forward this post to him.
Pretty sure he will have a good read. Thank you for sharing!


Also visit my website - ロレックスレプリカ

Anònim ha dit...

I am sure this piece of writing has touched all the
internet users, its really really pleasant article on building up new web site.



My page; ロレックスコピー時計

Anònim ha dit...

My developer is trying to convince me to move to .net from
PHP. I have always disliked the idea because of the costs.

But he's tryiong none the less. I've been using
Movable-type on several websites for about a year and am nervous
about switching to another platform. I have heard good things about blogengine.
net. Is there a way I can import all my wordpress content into it?

Any kind of help would be really appreciated!

Here is my site :: トリーバーチバッグ

Anònim ha dit...

You're so cool! I don't suppose I've truly read a single thing like this before. So great to discover another person with genuine thoughts on this topic. Really.. thanks for starting this up. This web site is one thing that is required on the internet, someone with a bit of originality!

Here is my blog post: ミュウミュウ

Anònim ha dit...

I'm no longer certain where you're getting your information, but
great topic. I must spend a while studying more or figuring out more.
Thank you for fantastic info I used to be searching for this info for my mission.


Here is my web blog ... クロエ

Anònim ha dit...

It's awesome to visit this web page and reading the views of all colleagues about this post, while I am also eager of getting familiarity.

Feel free to surf to my weblog - christianlouboutinoutletstorex2013.com

Anònim ha dit...

Hey! I know this is somewhat off topic but I was wondering
if you knew where I could get a captcha plugin for my comment form?
I'm using the same blog platform as yours and I'm having trouble finding one?

Thanks a lot!

my web page ... www.miumiuoutletstore2013.com

Anònim ha dit...

excellent post, very informative. I'm wondering why the other experts of this sector don't notice this.
You must proceed your writing. I am sure, you've a great readers' base already!


Here is my web blog; http://www.toryburchoutletstore2013.com/

Anònim ha dit...

Wow, awesome blog layout! How long have you been
blogging for? you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your website is
great, let alone the content!

Review my web site ... コーチ

Anònim ha dit...

Have you ever considered writing an e-book or guest authoring on
other sites? I have a blog centered on the same subjects
you discuss and would really like to have you share some stories/information.
I know my audience would appreciate your work. If
you are even remotely interested, feel free to send me an
e-mail.

Also visit my homepage; forums.i-shiksha.com

Anònim ha dit...

I have read so many content on the topic of the blogger lovers however this paragraph is really
a nice piece of writing, keep it up.

my weblog - トリーバーチ トート

Anònim ha dit...

Can you tell us more about this? I'd love to find out some additional information.

my site: クリスチャンルブタン

Anònim ha dit...

I'm not sure exactly why but this weblog is loading very slow for me. Is anyone else having this issue or is it a issue on my end? I'll check back later on and
see if the problem still exists.

Visit my web blog; クロエ

Anònim ha dit...

We're a group of volunteers and starting a brand new scheme in our community. Your web site offered us with helpful information to work on. You have performed a formidable activity and our whole neighborhood might be thankful to you.

my web blog; クロエ バッグ

Anònim ha dit...

Howdy I am so happy I found your blog, I really found
you by accident, while I was searching on Askjeeve for something else,
Anyways I am here now and would just like to say thank you for a marvelous post and a all round exciting blog (I also love the theme/design),
I don’t have time to browse it all at the minute but I have book-marked it and also included
your RSS feeds, so when I have time I will be back to read a great deal more, Please do keep up the great b.



My weblog :: Nike Free Run 2

Anònim ha dit...

Home Body what is the best cleanse for your body Method#2: Coffee Enemas:
coffee enemas are another variety of home body what is the best cleanse
for your body doesn't need the added stress, pardon my pun. Lamentably, just like the rain-forest we should aim to have thousands of seeds lying dormant, the chances of us ever getting it are slim to none.

Here is my webpage; full body cleanser

Anònim ha dit...

Quality articles is the crucial to invite the visitors to pay a visit the website, that's what this web site is providing.

Also visit my site: Replica Rolex Watches

Anònim ha dit...

No matter if some one searches for his necessary thing, so he/she wishes to be available that
in detail, thus that thing is maintained over here.


Here is my web site - supra thunder

Anònim ha dit...


The median price in the city jumped 22 percent from a year ago, to $222,000 as home sales increased 28.4 percent, to 2,331 transactions.The number of homes sold last month [url=http://www.agoshow.net/Red-Sox-15-Dustin-Pedroia-2010-All-Star-red-Jerseys-65/]Red Sox 15 Dustin Pedroia 2010 All Star red Jerseys[/url] was one less than in June 2012, which was the best month for the city's sales volume since at least 2008.Condo prices within the city also posted a strong gain; the median price of $272,500 was a 21.1 percent gain from a year ago, as the number of closed transactions rose almost 31 percent, to 1,426 in April."Housing numbers [url=http://www.agoshow.net/Rockies-2-Tulowitzki-blue-2010-All-Star-Jerseys-48/]Rockies 2 Tulowitzki blue 2010 All Star Jerseys[/url] continue to indicate a steady market recovery in Chicago," said Zeke Morris, president of the Chicago Association of Realtors, in a statement. "The biggest challenge currently is a steep decline in inventory, which may post difficulty for buyers looking for a wide selection in certain areas."While some homeowners are warming to the idea of now selling their homes, the demand still outstrips the supply of desirable properties. In Cook, DuPage and Kendall counties, [url=http://www.agoshow.net/Pirates-47-Meek-Navy-2010-All-Star-Jerseys-33/]Pirates 47 Meek Navy 2010 All Star Jerseys[/url] there were more than 40 percent fewer homes on the market last month.Statewide, the inventory of homes for sale was down 30.6 percent from a year ago, to 62,503. As a result, quality homes are selling quickly. The average number of days it took to sell a home in Illinois [url=http://www.agoshow.net/2009-All-Star-Philadephia-Phillis-8-Shane-Victorino-Red-Jerseys-22/]2009 All Star Philadephia Phillis 8 Shane Victorino Red Jerseys[/url] was 89 days in April, compared with 111 days in April 2012.In addition to finding fewer homes, home shoppers also will encounter higher mortgage rates. Last week, bolstered by positive economic reports, the average interest rate for a 30-year, fixed-rate mortgage rose for the third consecutive week, to 3.51 percent.As a result, mortgage applications for home [url=http://www.agoshow.net/Twins-5-Cuddyer-Red-2011-All-Star-Jerseys-101/]Twins 5 Cuddyer Red 2011 All Star Jerseys[/url] purchases declined 3 percent last from the previous week, according to the Mortgage Bankers Association. Still, purchase application activity is running about 10 percent ahead of its year-ago comparisons.mepodmolik@tribune.com | Twitter @mepodmolik


[url=http://forum.sbrforum.com/member.php?u=547970]more[/url]

Anònim ha dit...

What's up mates, its great piece of writing on the topic of educationand completely explained, keep it up all the time.

Stop by my blog :: Replica Rolex Watches

Anònim ha dit...

There are various online auction sites that you can check out every now and then if you wanted to get the best prices on your uggs.
ì (IE: sand, chestnut, chocolate, black) UGG boots.
In addition, if you seem on the labels for your manufacturing site, you really should bear in mind that this labels which exhibit "Manufactured in China" are authentic, and a lot
of others are counterfeits.

my web blog :: ルイヴィトン